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Thyroid gland

The thyroid gland covers the windpipe from three sides. Two hormones of the thyroid gland, T3 (thyroxine) and T4 (triiodothyronine), help the body to produce and regulate the hormones adrenaline (also called epinephrine) and dopamine. Hormones are chemical substances that help control certain cells and organs. Adrenaline and dopamine are active in many physical and emotional responses, including fear, excitement, and pleasure. Other hormones from this gland also help regulate metabolism, which is the process by which calories and oxygen are converted into energy. Without a functioning thyroid, the body would not be able to break down proteins and it would not be able to process carbohydrates and vitamins. For this reason, problems with this gland can lead to uncontrollable weight gain. For many people, these irregularities can be controlled through medications, as well as a modification of their diet.

However, there is one other controlling factor. The gland cannot produce hormones on its own. It needs the assistance of the pituitary gland, which creates thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH). As a result, a nonfunctional pituitary gland will eventually lead to thyroid-gland-related issues. TSH will either trigger the production of thyroxine or triiodothyronine. If TSH is not present at the right levels, too much or too little of either hormone will be made.

Thyroid glandTwo hormones of the thyroid gland

Meet our doctors

Dr Zia ul Hasan

Dr. Zia Ul Hasan

MBBS-Peshawar Pakistan, MRCP-UK, MSc Diabetes-UK, FRCP-UK Diabetes and Endocrinologist
Dr Ejaz Waseem

Dr. Ejaz Waseem

MBBS MRCPCH–UK DCH–Ireland, Fellowship in Paeds Gastroenterology - Canada Paediatrician
Dr Zain Gulzar

Dr. Zain Gulzar

M.D, FACE, ECNU, American Board Certified in Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism Endocrinologist
Dr. Afrasyab Khan

Dr. Afrasyab Khan

MBBS (AKU) FRACP (New Zealand) Consultant Gastroenterology
Dr Ahmed El-Shafei

Dr. Ahmed El-Shafei

PhD in Psychiatry Consultant Psychiatrist
Dr Noor Niels-Peter Buchholz

Dr. Noor Niels-Peter Buchholz

MBBS MD FSSU FKNMG MFMLM, German Swiss Netherlands & UK Boards Urologist
Dr. Mohsin Azam

Dr. Mohsin Azam

MBBS MCPS FCPS (Orthopedics) Specialist Orthopedic Surgeon
Dr. Sadia Malick

Dr. Sadia Malick

Consultant Obstetrician and Gynaecologist
Dr Faqir Ahmad Qazi

Dr. Faqir Ahmad Qazi

MBBS ( Peshawar, Pakistan ), FRCS ( Ophthalmology : UK ) , MRCOphth ( UK ) , FEBO ( Fellow of European Board of ophthalmology ) CertLRS ( UK ) Ophthalmologist
Dr M. El Hommossany

Dr. M. El Hommossany

BDS HDDendo FICOI USA Specialist Dentist
Dr. Ahmad Atef

Dr. Ahmad Atef

BDS, MFDS RCSED-UK, CES-FRANCE, DUO FRANCE(ORTHODONTICS) Specialist Orthodontist
Dr. Aarti Javeri Mehta

Dr. Aarti Javeri Mehta

MBBS, MRCP – UKInternal Medicine
Dr. M.Y. Raslan MD DC

Dr. M.Y. Raslan MD DC

Doctor of Chiropractic (USA) Chiropractor
Ms. Mitun De Sarkar

Ms. Mitun De Sarkar

Msc – Dietetics – Clinical Nutrition Dietician
Dr. Hiba Malik

Dr. Hiba Malik

Physiotherapy Specialist Physiotherapy Specialist

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